The Puritan Movement

The Puritans were a significant grouping of English-speaking Protestants in the 16th and 17th-century. Puritanism in this sense was founded by some Marian exiles from the clergy shortly after the accession of Elizabeth I of England in 1559, as an activist movement within the Church of England. They were blocked from changing the system from within, but their views were taken by the emigration of congregations to the Netherlands and later New England, and by evangelical clergy to Ireland and later into Wales, and were spread into lay society by preaching and parts of the educational system, particularly certain colleges of the University of Cambridge. Puritans were mainly concerned with religious matters, and took on distinctive views on clerical dress and in opposition to the episcopal system, particularly after the 1619 conclusions of the Synod of Dort were resisted by the English bishops. They largely adopted sabbatarian views in the 17th century, and were influenced by millenialism. In alliance with the growing commercial world, the parliamentary opposition to the royal prerogative, and in the late 1630s with the Scottish Presbyterians with whom they had much in common, the Puritans became a major political force in England and came to power as a result of the First English Civil War. After the English Restoration of 1660 and the 1662 Uniformity Act, almost all Puritan clergy left the Church of England, some becoming nonconformist ministers, and the nature of the movement in England changed radically, though it retained its character for much longer in New England.

Puritans by definition felt that the English Reformation had not gone far enough, and that the Church of England was tolerant of practices which they associated with the Catholic Church. They formed into various religious groups advocating for greater “purity” of worship and doctrine, as well as personal and group piety. Puritans adopted a Reformed theology and in that sense were Calvinists (as many of their opponents were, also), but also took note of radical views critical of Zwingli in Zurich and Calvin in Geneva. In church polity, some advocated for separation from all other Christians, in favor of autonomous gathered churches, and these separatist and independent strands of Puritanism became significant in the 1640s, when the supporters of a presbyterian polity in the Westminster Assembly were unable to forge a new English national church.

The word “Puritan” was originally an alternate term for “Cathar” and was a pejorative term used to characterize them as extremists similar to the Cathari of France. Thus, scholars commonly use the term Precisianist in regard to the historical groups of England and New England.[1][citation needed] Currently, the designation “Puritan” is often expanded to mean any very conservative Protestant, or even more broadly, to evangelicals.

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The Lower Green

The Lower Green is just across the Parker River on Rt. 1A. It was cleared for pasture, a school and became the center of the civic life in the early years.

The Lower Green has a memorial  to the first settlers.

The inscription reads: “To the Men and Women Who Settled in Newbury From 1635 to 1650 and Founded Its Municipal, Social, and Religious Life This Monument is Dedicated, 1903.”

The inscription reads: “To the Men and Women Who Settled in Newbury From 1635 to 1650 and Founded Its Municipal, Social, and Religious Life This Monument is Dedicated, 1903.”

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It’s Going to Get Real Noisy in Newbury!

375th Anniversary Newbury Mass The Mass Flow of Pilgrims. Although Roanoke, Jamestown, and the Plymouth Colonies preceded the Puritans, the Puritan immigration was the first “en masse” immigration to the America’s. It was spearheaded by Winthrop’s Fleet in 1630 of 1,000 souls. The population of the other settlements in America probably didn’t exceed 2,500 souls before they landed. Two hundred people died the first winter, two hundred gave up and went back to England the next spring. In the next 10 years, 20,000 Englishmen immigrated to Massachusetts, primarily fueled by the Puritan exodus.

In human genealogy

In England and Wales pedigrees are officially recorded in the College of Arms, which has records going back to the Middle Ages, including pedigrees collected during roving inquiries by its heralds during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The purpose of these heraldic visitations was to register and regulate the use of coats of arms. Those who claimed the right to bear arms had to provide proof either of a grant of arms to them by the College, or of descent from an ancestor entitled to arms. It was for this reason that pedigrees were recorded by the visitations. Pedigrees continue to be registered at the College of Arms and kept up to date on a voluntary basis but they are not accessible to the general public without payment of a fee.

More visible, therefore, are the pedigrees recorded in published works, such as Burke’s Peerage and Burke’s Landed Gentry in the United Kingdom and, in continental Europe by the Almanach de Gotha. Due to space considerations, however, these publications typically use a narrative pedigree, whereby relationships are indicated by numbers (one for each child, a different format for each generation) and by indentations (each generation being indented further than its predecessor). This format is very flexible, and allows for a great deal of information to be included, but it lacks the clarity of the traditional chart pedigree

Pedigree of Albert Edward Bishop II

BISHOP Albert Edward 1917-1991, Married Harriette Patten Noyes

◊ NOYES Harriette Patten (Maternal side)

– Albert Bishop II 1958

Bishop Lynn Herr 1957

-Lora Marie Bishop 1996

◊ NOYES Carl Patten 1895 – 1950

◊ NOYES Isaac William 1861 – 1936

◊ NOYES Joshua Flint 1818 – 1907

◊ NOYES Edward Flint 1776 – 1846

◊ NOYES Joseph 1732 – 1807

◊ NOYES Joseph 1686 – 1773

◊ NOYES Lieut. Colonel James B. 1657 – 1723

Parker River Landing- 1634  Mass, “First to step ashore”

◊ NOYES Deacon Nicholas Puritan Separatist, Pilgrim, First Settlers of Newbury Mass 1616 – 1701

◊ NOYES Rev. William 1568 – 1617

◊ NOYES Robert 1518 – 1599

◊ NOYES Nicholas 1496 – 1575

◊ NOYES Robert 1467 – 1524

◊ NOYES abt. 1440

◊ NORMAN FRANCE – Battle of Hastings  800-1100



Genographic Project

The Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups found were the same as those found nowadays in Europe, but with a much higher percentage of the now very rare haplogroups I and X. Mitochondrial DNA regulates the body’s energy production, as well as muscle power and endurance, among others. Findings of a pronounced frequency of this haplogroup in Viking and Iron Age Danes.

Origin of Surname Noyes

Latin Banner on the Coat-of-Arms. Nuncia pacis oliva Translated: A message of peace.

First found in Wiltshire where they were seated from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

William was of Viking origin. Though he spoke a dialect of French and grew up in Normandy, a fiefdom loyal to the French kingdom, he and other Normans descended from Scandinavian invaders. William’s great-great-great-grandfather, Rollo, pillaged northern France with fellow Viking raiders in the late ninth and early 10th centuries, eventually accepting his own territory (Normandy, named for the Norsemen who controlled it) in exchange for peace.

Knights of Christ / Knights Templar

Knights of Christ / Knights Templar

Recorded as Noyce, Noyse, Noice, and Noyes, this is an English medieval surname. However spelt it is a patronymic form of the biblical male given name Noah from the word “noach” meaning long-lived. The are two possible origins for the surname. The first is as an Introduction into Europe by the returning Crusaders knights of the 12th century, fresh from their many attempts to rescue the city of Jerusalem from the hands of the Muslims. It became the fashion for these returning warriors to christen their subsequent children with biblical or hebrew names, which later developed into surnames. The second possibity is the name of an actor who played the part of Noah in the medieval miracle plays based on the story of Noah and his ark. The forename is first recorded as Noe in the Staffordshire Chartulary of the year 1125, whilst the surname is well recorded in the surviving London church registers from the Elizabethan times. These recordings include those of Alice Noyes who married an Edmund Holmes at the church of St. Katherine by the Tower (of London) on June 16th 1661, and Richard Noice, who was christened at St Peter-le-Poer, on July 5th 1730. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Simon Noysse. This was dated 1327, in the Subsidy Rolls of the county of Suffolk, during the reign of King Edward 111rd of England, 1327 – 1377. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to “develop” often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling Migrated from the land of Norman, the NOYES family was listed on the rolls of King William DE NOYER  (William the Conqueror) some believed lived on the estate and found in the rolls of the King. May have fought in the Battle of Hasting in 1066. Today Norman is Normandy France.  The Noyes family are likely of Nordic , Dane descent via the nomadic Vikings.

Sara Merrick – Noyes of the Myrick family of Wales of pure Cambrian blood for over 1000 years descendants of the Sovereign first Prince(s) of Wales.



Signed by then Col. Henry E. Noyes Given to my Grandfather

The Original Hand Written Continuous Genealogy of the Noyes Family Book

The Original Hand Written Continuous Genealogy of the Noyes Family Book

The original family genealogy book handed down through the generations has been painstakingly copied into a .PDF and other protected formats and will be available on this this site to purchase a copy of for a reasonable download fee of $5.00 to help keep this site running after I am gone.  This is Miss Harriette Eliza Noyes and Col. Henry Erastus Noyes early work in the Mid 1800’s until it was given to my mother Harriette Patten Noyes 60 years ago and then to me. Some of the information contained in the above work has never been see before to the public along with personal documents.

The New England Historical Genealogy Society has agreed to take it in preserve and conserve it for researchers in their library.

For the comprehensive NOYES database click on the following link. My 8th cousin once removed, 50+ years of work, 10’s of thousands of families...

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